- Patient Comments: Hypoglycemia - Effective Treatments
- Patient Comments: Hypoglycemia - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Hypoglycemia - Risk Factors
Low blood sugar facts
Low blood sugar facts
- Hypoglycemia is the medical term for low blood sugar. It typically occurs as a side effect of medications for diabetes.
- The normal range of blood glucose is from 70 to 100 mg/dL in an individual without diabetes,
- Most people will feel the effects and symptoms of low blood sugar when blood glucose levels are lower than 50 mg/dL.
- Symptoms and signs include nervousness, dizziness, trembling, sweating, hunger, weakness, and palpitations.
- Severe cases may lead to seizures and loss of consciousness.
- Low blood sugar is treated by giving a readily absorbed source of sugar, including soft drinks, juice, or foods containing sugar.
- If the hypoglycemia has progressed to the point at which the patient cannot take anything by mouth, an injection of glucagon may be given. Glucagon is a hormone that causes a fast release of glucose from the liver.
Foods to Eat and Foods to Avoid with Type 2 Diabetes
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes your doctor most likely has recommended dietary changes to manage your blood sugar levels. Simple carbohydrates or simple "" are the primary culprit in raising blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. "" and "" are terms used to measure the impact some foods have on your blood sugar levels. Low glycemic foods, for example complex carbohydrates like brown rice, quinoa, steal cut oatmeal, vegetables, some fruits (sugar is a high glycemic food), beans, and lentils don''s Diabetes Newsletter
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The acute management of low blood sugar involves the 1 last update 2020/08/06 the rapid delivery of a source of easily absorbed sugar. Regular soft drinks, juice, lifesaver candies, table sugar, and the like are good options. In general, 15 grams of glucose is the dose that is given, followed by an assessment of symptoms and a blood glucose check if possible. If after 10 minutes there is no improvement, another 10-15 grams should be given. This can be repeated up to three times. At that point, the patient should be considered as not responding to the therapy and an ambulance should be called. The acute management of low blood sugar involves the rapid delivery of a source of easily absorbed sugar. Regular soft drinks, juice, lifesaver candies, table sugar, and the like are good options. In general, 15 grams of glucose is the dose that is given, followed by an assessment of symptoms and a blood glucose check if possible. If after 10 minutes there is no improvement, another 10-15 grams should be given. This can be repeated up to three times. At that point, the patient should be considered as not responding to the therapy and an ambulance should be called.
The equivalency of 10-15 grams of glucose (approximate servings) are:
- Four lifesavers
- 4 teaspoons of sugar
- 1/2 can of regular soda or juice
Many people like the idea of treating low blood sugar with dietary treats such as cake, cookies, and brownies. However, sugar in the form of complex carbohydrates or sugar combined with fat and protein are much too slowly absorbed to be useful in acute treatment.
Once the acute episode has been treated, a healthy, long-acting carbohydrate to maintain blood sugars in the appropriate range should be consumed. Half a sandwich is a reasonable option.
If the hypoglycemic episode has progressed to the point at which the patient cannot or will not take anything by mouth, more drastic measures will be needed. In many cases, a family member or roommate can be trained in the use of glucagon. Glucagon is a hormone that causes a rapid release of glucose stores from the liver. It is an injection given intramuscularly to an individual who cannot take glucose by mouth. A response is usually seen in minutes and lasts for about 90 minutes. Again, a long-acting source of glucose should thereafter be consumed to maintain blood sugar levels in the safe range. If glucagon is not available and the patient is not able to take anything by mouth, emergency services (for example 911) should be called immediately. An intravenous route of glucose administration should be established as soon as possible.
With a history of recurrent hypoglycemic episodes, the first step in treatment is to assess whether it is related to medications or insulin treatment. Patients with a consistent pattern of the condition may benefit from a medication dose adjustment. It is important that people with diabetes who experience low blood sugar to check blood glucose values multiple times a day to help define whether there is a pattern related to meals or medications. Some people who experience recurrent episodes will benefit from changes in when and what they eat, for example, eating multiple small meals and frequent small snacks throughout the day rather than three larger meals.
What else can you do to control blood sugar levels?
how do you test your blood sugar at home 🔥how to how do you test your blood sugar at home for Yes. People with diabetes should wear identification stating they have diabetes and whether they have recurrent low blood sugar. Those at risk for the health condition should be counseled on checking blood sugars before they drive a car, operate heavy machinery, or do anything physically taxing. In addition, it is important to carry a quick-acting glucose source (such as those mentioned above) at all times, and keep a source in their car, office, and by their bedside. Efforts should be made to minimize the hypoglycemic effects of drug regimens and to avoid variable surges in exercise, activity, and drinking alcohol.
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Hypoglycemia. Medscape. Updated: Jul 25, 2019.
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